Crypto++  5.6.3
Free C++ class library of cryptographic schemes
rng.h
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1 // rng.h - written and placed in the public domain by Wei Dai
2 
3 //! \file rng.h
4 //! \brief Miscellaneous classes for RNGs
5 //! \details This file contains miscellaneous classes for RNGs, including LC_RNG(),
6 //! X917RNG() and MaurerRandomnessTest()
7 //! \sa osrng.h, randpool.h
8 
9 #ifndef CRYPTOPP_RNG_H
10 #define CRYPTOPP_RNG_H
11 
12 #include "cryptlib.h"
13 #include "filters.h"
14 #include "smartptr.h"
15 
16 NAMESPACE_BEGIN(CryptoPP)
17 
18 //! \brief Linear Congruential Generator (LCG)
19 //! \details Originally propsed by William S. England.
20 //! \warning LC_RNG is suitable for simulations, where uniformaly distrubuted numbers are
21 //! required quickly. It should not be used for cryptographic purposes.
23 {
24 public:
25  //! \brief Construct a Linear Congruential Generator (LCG)
26  //! \param init_seed the initial value for the generator
27  LC_RNG(word32 init_seed)
28  : seed(init_seed) {}
29 
30  void GenerateBlock(byte *output, size_t size);
31 
32  word32 GetSeed() {return seed;}
33 
34 private:
35  word32 seed;
36 
37  static const word32 m;
38  static const word32 q;
39  static const word16 a;
40  static const word16 r;
41 };
42 
43 //! \class X917RNG
44 //! \brief ANSI X9.17 RNG
45 //! \details X917RNG is from ANSI X9.17 Appendix C, and it uses a 64-bit block cipher, like TripleDES.
46 //! If you use a 128-bit block cipher, like AES, then you are effectively using an ANSI X9.31 generator.
47 //! \sa AutoSeededX917RNG, DefaultAutoSeededRNG
48 class CRYPTOPP_DLL X917RNG : public RandomNumberGenerator, public NotCopyable
49 {
50 public:
51  //! \brief Construct a X917RNG
52  //! \param cipher the block cipher to use for the generator
53  //! \param seed a byte buffer to use as a seed
54  //! \param deterministicTimeVector additional entropy
55  //! \details <tt>cipher</tt> will be deleted by the destructor. <tt>seed</tt> must be at least
56  //! BlockSize() in length. <tt>deterministicTimeVector = 0</tt> means obtain time vector
57  //! from the system.
58  //! \details When constructing a X917RNG, the generator must be keyed or an access
59  //! violation will occur because the time vector is encrypted using the block cipher.
60  //! To key the generator during constructions, perform the following:
61  //! <pre>
62  //! SecByteBlock key(AES::DEFAULT_KEYLENGTH), seed(AES::BLOCKSIZE);
63  //! OS_GenerateRandomBlock(false, key, key.size());
64  //! OS_GenerateRandomBlock(false, seed, seed.size());
65  //! X917RNG prng(new AES::Encryption(key, AES::DEFAULT_KEYLENGTH), seed, NULL);</pre>
66  //! \sa AutoSeededX917RNG
67  X917RNG(BlockTransformation *cipher, const byte *seed, const byte *deterministicTimeVector = 0);
68 
69  void GenerateIntoBufferedTransformation(BufferedTransformation &target, const std::string &channel, lword size);
70 
71 private:
73  const unsigned int m_size; // S, blocksize of cipher
74  SecByteBlock m_datetime; // DT, buffer for enciphered timestamp
75  SecByteBlock m_randseed, m_lastBlock, m_deterministicTimeVector;
76 };
77 
78 //! \class MaurerRandomnessTest
79 //! \brief Maurer's Universal Statistical Test for Random Bit Generators
80 //! \details This class implements Maurer's Universal Statistical Test for
81 //! Random Bit Generators. It is intended for measuring the randomness of
82 //! *PHYSICAL* RNGs.
83 //! \details For more details see Maurer's paper in Journal of Cryptology, 1992.
84 class MaurerRandomnessTest : public Bufferless<Sink>
85 {
86 public:
87  //! \brief Contruct a MaurerRandomnessTest
89 
90  size_t Put2(const byte *inString, size_t length, int messageEnd, bool blocking);
91 
92  //! \brief Provides the number of bytes of input is needed by the test
93  //! \returns how many more bytes of input is needed by the test
94  // BytesNeeded() returns how many more bytes of input is needed by the test
95  // GetTestValue() should not be called before BytesNeeded()==0
96  unsigned int BytesNeeded() const {return n >= (Q+K) ? 0 : Q+K-n;}
97 
98  // returns a number between 0.0 and 1.0, describing the quality of the
99  // random numbers entered
100  double GetTestValue() const;
101 
102 private:
103  enum {L=8, V=256, Q=2000, K=2000};
104  double sum;
105  unsigned int n;
106  unsigned int tab[V];
107 };
108 
109 NAMESPACE_END
110 
111 #endif
unsigned int BytesNeeded() const
Provides the number of bytes of input is needed by the test.
Definition: rng.h:96
ANSI X9.17 RNG.
Definition: rng.h:48
Linear Congruential Generator (LCG)
Definition: rng.h:22
Abstract base classes that provide a uniform interface to this library.
Classes for automatic resource management.
Interface for random number generators.
Definition: cryptlib.h:1176
SecBlock typedef.
Definition: secblock.h:723
Interface for buffered transformations.
Definition: cryptlib.h:1342
size_t Put2(const byte *inString, size_t length, int messageEnd, bool blocking)
Input multiple bytes for processing.
Definition: rng.cpp:139
Maurer's Universal Statistical Test for Random Bit Generators.
Definition: rng.h:84
LC_RNG(word32 init_seed)
Construct a Linear Congruential Generator (LCG)
Definition: rng.h:27
Implementation of BufferedTransformation's attachment interface.
Crypto++ library namespace.
Interface for the data processing part of block ciphers.
Definition: cryptlib.h:715
Ensures an object is not copyable.
Definition: misc.h:189
MaurerRandomnessTest()
Contruct a MaurerRandomnessTest.
Definition: rng.cpp:132
virtual void GenerateIntoBufferedTransformation(BufferedTransformation &target, const std::string &channel, lword length)
Generate random bytes into a BufferedTransformation.
Definition: cryptlib.cpp:347
Base class for bufferless filters.
Definition: simple.h:67